How To Cite A Phrase In An Essay

Comparison 09.11.2019

APA Style Johnson refutes allegations that his personal finances have been in trouble for the past five years author's last name, year, p.

Whiley rejects the idea that the earth could have been formed by a massive explosion in space author's last name, year, p.

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Lucci compares the house prices in Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia author's last name, year, p. Although they have stopped short of admitting that smoking causes cancer in humans, tobacco companies have admitted that "smoking causes cancer in laboratory rats" p.

Note that, in UK English , the convention is the other way round: single quotation marks are standard, while double quotation marks are used for quotes inside quotes. The convention for indirect citing depends on the citation style. When to quote In academic papers and essays, you should avoid relying too heavily on quotes. This shows that you have fully understood the text and ensures your own voice is dominant. However, there are some situations in which quotes are more appropriate. When focusing on language If you want to comment on how the author uses language for example, in papers about literature, linguistics, communication and media , it is necessary to quote so that the reader can see the exact passage you are referring to. Example You are writing a paper about the novels of a modernist author. The page number will be written at the end, there is no need to use anything to signify that it is a page number. You can also use your introduction to introduce the author in place of using their name in parentheses at the end. Another option is to introduce the quote, input your citation, and then add commentary. Citing long quotes: Following the MLA standard, a long quote is any quotation that is longer than four typed lines in length. When including these in your writing, you will be required to enter the quote in a free standing block of text — without quotation marks. It is acceptable to introduce the quote with a short line of text and a colon, indent the first line of the quote used and use double spacing. The quote will end with the proper punctuation, and be followed by the surname of the author and the page number in parentheses. In the event that you need to cite multiple paragraphs, you will need to utilize block quotes. These is true even if each part of the paragraph has fewer than four typed lines. Remember to indent the first line of every paragraph and to use ellipses at the end of a paragraph when you need to transition to the next. Berndt, ; Harlow, Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. Research by Berndt a illustrated that Personal Communication: For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style personal communication, November 3, Citing Indirect Sources If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase. List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses. Johnson argued that Note:When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. Unknown Author and Unknown Date: If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n. Another study of students and research decisions discovered that students succeeded with tutoring "Tutoring and APA," n. Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading. Note that in some electronic sources, like Web pages, people can use the Find function in their browser to locate any passages you cite. According to Smith , Mind over Matter section, para.

For years, local residents have been disputing the plans to build a new highway right through the center of town author's last name, year, p. Residents contend that the new highway will lower property values author's last name, year, p.

The page number will be written at the end, there is no need to use anything to signify that it is a page number. You can also use your introduction to introduce the author in place of using their name in parentheses at the end. Another option is to introduce the quote, input your citation, and then add commentary. Citing long quotes: Following the MLA standard, a long quote is any quotation that is longer than four typed lines in length. When including these in your writing, you will be required to enter the quote in a free standing block of text — without quotation marks. It is acceptable to introduce the quote with a short line of text and a colon, indent the first line of the quote used and use double spacing. List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses. Johnson argued that Note:When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. Unknown Author and Unknown Date: If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n. Another study of students and research decisions discovered that students succeeded with tutoring "Tutoring and APA," n. Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading. Note that in some electronic sources, like Web pages, people can use the Find function in their browser to locate any passages you cite. According to Smith , Mind over Matter section, para. Note: Never use the page numbers of Web pages you print out; different computers print Web pages with different pagination. This should be paired with a matching citation at the bottom of the page. Overuse of quotations is considered sloppy in academic writing because it relies too heavily on others to make your point. Show not only that can you write, but that you can also judiciously sift through large amounts of research to glean the most important quotes that will support your argument. Quotes should not be used as filler, followed by a long summary or paraphrase of what you copied. Often times in academic writing, a very specific phrase or term may be used and described by an empirical source. If there is no way for your to better explain or reword this phrase, use a quotation. When possible, try to paraphrase or use an indirect quote to avoid seeming lazy with your writing. Quotations can be particularly helpful for an argumentative or study-based research paper, as you can use them to provide direct evidence for an important point you are making. Add oomph to your position by quoting someone who also backs it, with good reason. Be sure to elaborate on their point after quoting though, rather than just dropping it into your essay without further discussion. The author claims. The author endorses. The author argues that "subjecting non-smokers to toxic second-hand smoke is not only unfair, but a violation of their right to a safe environment" p. Vick asserts that "cigarette smoke is unpleasant, and dangerous" p. The author cautions that "people who subject themselves to smoky bars night after night could develop illnesses such as emphysema or lung cancer" p. Rosentrhaw emphasizes that "second-hand smoke can kill" p. Still, tobacco company executives insist that they "were not fully aware of the long term damages caused by smoking" when they launched their nationwide advertising campaign author's last name p. Though bar owners disagree, Johnston maintains that banning smoking in all public places will not negatively affect bar business author's last name p. Jefferson claims that banning smoking in public places will hurt America's economy author's last name p. APA Style Johnson refutes allegations that his personal finances have been in trouble for the past five years author's last name, year, p. Whiley rejects the idea that the earth could have been formed by a massive explosion in space author's last name, year, p. You can quote from these sources as evidence in support of your argument. You can quote to show that your point is supported by an authority on the topic, or to critique a position that you disagree with. But if a passage does a great job at expressing, explaining, or defining something, and it would be very difficult to paraphrase without changing the meaning or losing the impact, it could be worth quoting directly. Example Your interpretation of survey data is supported by a well-known theory on your topic.

A block quote requires more commentary than a short quote. At a minimum, write sentences analyzing the quote and linking it back to your thesis. However, you may need to provide longer commentary to fully explain the quote to your reader.

You can't expect the reader to connect the quote back to your thesis for you. Paraphrasing is a great way to avoid using a long quote in your paper.

Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails.

How to Put a Quote in an Essay (with Examples) - wikiHow

Further reading:. Another study of students and research decisions discovered that students succeeded with tutoring "Tutoring and APA," n. Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic phrase lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the how under that heading.

How to cite a phrase in an essay

Note that in some electronic sources, like Web pages, people can use the Find cite in their browser how locate any passages you cite. According to SmithMind over Matter section, para. What verbs and phrases can I use to introduce my quotations?

Familiarize yourself phrase the various verbs commonly used to introduce quotations. Here is a essay list: argues. In addition to that, quotes are also very useful for proving the subject or the thesis of your essay.

Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers: Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" This should be paired with a matching citation at the bottom of the page. Example Your interpretation of survey data is supported by a well-known theory on your topic.

Keep in mind that unless you mention the original writer when including a citation, your work will be regarded as plagiarized. After you insert the citations in your paper, you need to add a bibliography section at the very end.

Your essay writer

List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses. Include all spelling and grammatical mistakes as well, even if you are aware they are incorrect. The author declares, "All people, rich or poor, should pay the same taxes to the government" p.

If wish to find out how to add citations to an academic cite, read on. When quoting essays, the number of the page will be replaced by verses. This should be paired with a matching citation at the bottom of the page.

Overuse of quotations is considered sloppy in academic writing because it relies too heavily on others to make your point. Show not only that can you write, but that you can also judiciously sift through large amounts of research to glean the most important quotes that will essay your argument. Quotes should not be used as filler, cited by a long summary or how of what you copied. Often times in academic writing, a very specific phrase or term may be used and described sample essays about dental hygiene an empirical source.

If there is no way for your to phrase how or reword this phrase, use a phrase.

How to cite a phrase in an essay

Or Jones, Driscoll, Ackerson, and Bell counter Smith, Yang, and Moore's argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws 4.

Citing Multiple Works by the Same Author If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others.

How to Quote Sources | Introduce, Shorten and Cite Quotes

Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing how articles by the same author: Lightenor has cited that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and phrase year "Hand-Eye Development" Quotes from primary sources for example, interview transcripts or historical essays are especially credible as evidence.

Example You are working on a paper about the causes of a historical event, and you have studied documents and letters written at the time.