Essays That Compare Harm Reduction Models

Analysis 17.11.2019

Read more In the conventional drug policy that has prevailed globally for decades, the reduction or elimination of drug consumption was considered the principal policy aim, while the harms caused by drug use or drug policies were usually an afterthought.

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Harm reduction is not a new approach. A primary focus on harm the harms from alcohol has existed for a compare time. Reducing the consumption of alcohol by increasing its price or decreasing its availability are different but also essay reduction of reducing alcohol-related harm alongside harm reduction approaches such as the promotion of car safety belts.

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But priorities could change if the authorities bring the HIV epidemic under control. Effective harm reduction approaches to control HIV among people who inject drugs include needle syringe programs, opioid substitution treatment with methadone or buprenorphine for heroin dependent persons, explicit and peer-based education, and building organizations for people who use drugs. Harm reduction continues to gain support, while use reduction has seen declining support and is increasingly questioned.

Contemporary model in harm compare and the harm of this framework to illicit drugs was stimulated in the early s when the epidemic spread of HIV among and from people who inject drugs was first acknowledged. Approaches resembling reduction reduction are very common not that in public health but also in many other policy areas.

A primary focus on reducing the harms from alcohol has existed for a long time. Staff members in harm reduction facilities provide health teaching, anonymous HIV testing, information on addiction treatment, condoms and assist in connecting clients to social and health services Semaan et al. For many of us Illicit Drugs: Harm minimisation words - 8 pages supply reduction, demand reduction and harm reduction will be discussed and the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches will be evaluated to determine the success of these programs. Today, there are many programs that are established to help drug users and prevent the spread of diseases. This is done mainly through legislation and regulation. Harm reduction complements approaches that try to prevent the initiation of drug use or reduce the continuing use of drugs. Drug addiction is a disease that is hard to stop. The highest levels of the United Nations have explicitly approved harm reduction. In particular, people who use drugs and other affected communities should be involved in decisions that affect them.

What is Harm Reduction? Harm reduction benefits people who use drugs, their families, and the community. The reduction goes beyond aiming to that reduce health costs, as a reduction of social and economic costs is given model compare.

Importantly, harm reduction does not distinguish between reducing the harm from legal or illegal drugs.

Both are considered important. Reducing consumption should not be regarded as an end in itself but can be a legitimate way to reduce harm.

The term "harm reduction" itself is negative, and in practise it is often unclear as to whether it is the potential harm of dug use that is being prevented, or the many harms of prohibition. For many of us Illicit Drugs: Harm minimisation words - 8 pages supply reduction, demand reduction and harm reduction will be discussed and the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches will be evaluated to determine the success of these programs. Lastly, a method of tackling the problem of illicit drugs using harm minimisation will be suggested. Illicit drug use, including cannabis, heroin, cocaine, hallucinogens, amphetamines, and designer drugs such as ecstasy, is a primary concern in Australia today. It Would Be Equally So In Other Countries words - 8 pages success of harm minimisation in Australia are supply control, demand reduction and harm reduction. Supply control refers to strategies based on controlling the production and availability of alcohol and drugs. This is done mainly through legislation and regulation. Some examples are banning the sale of cigarettes to under 18 year of age, and prohibition of the importation and trafficking of heroin Gossop The Toronto Board of Health meeting that took place on July 10, where public health officials, community organizations, previous Women and alcohol words - 15 pages Women and AlcoholIn this assignment I had been given the task to choose a client group and a drug, or group of drugs, which may be misused by that group. Then review the available evidence relating to prevalence and critically analyse the treatment options available along with their theoretical underpinnings, and finally debate the issues from a harm reduction standpoint. Malmo-Levine; R. Caine, the court held that the harm principle is not a principle of fundamental justice for the purposes of Section 7 of the Charter words - 10 pages the background information that motivated the appellants to refer to such a principle. The appellant David Malmo-Levine operates an organization called the Harm Reduction Club which is a non-profit association that seeks to reduce the potential harm which is produced from the use marihuana. Therefore, the term "drug legalization" has rightfully acquired pejorative connotations. Many supporters of this position have adopted the label "harm reduction" to soften the impact of an unpopular proposal that, if passed, would encourage greater availability and use of drugs -- especially among Methadone Maintenance Treatment words - 5 pages free, it reduces the motives for committing crimes. A Review of the Literature A review of the literature reveals no clear-cut definition of harm reduction. Therefore improving access for people who use drugs to primary health care and social services is always very important. Basic needs include providing non-judgmental education about drugs and drug-related risks. Values and Principles Harm reduction is strongly based on critical values and principles with a major commitment to protecting public health and respecting human rights. Pragmatism: Harm reduction always seeks practical approaches. Policy and interventions have to be acceptable to all stakeholders and must be effective. Harm reduction deals with the world as it is rather than the world that some would like it to be. Approaches are practical, feasible, effective, safe, cost-effective, and easy to implement while having a substantial impact on individual and community health. In contrast, conventional drug policy aiming only to reduce use is often indifferent to evidence and is either intuitive or based on international treaties. Many health and social interventions are low-cost and high-impact while many supply control interventions are high-cost and low-impact. Harm reduction looks for inexpensive ways to improve a difficult situation, while conventional drug policy often involves expensive ways of making a bad situation worse. But most people recover from their drug problem slowly, with incremental progress over time. Harm reduction interventions are facilitative and voluntary and are based on the needs of each individual. Small gains for many people have more benefit for a community than heroic gains achieved for a select few. Harm reduction advocates are conscious that it is better to have 20 percent of something than percent of nothing. The objective of harm reduction in a specific context can often be arranged in a hierarchy with the more feasible options at one end e. Abstinence should be considered a difficult to achieve but desirable option for harm reduction in such a hierarchy. For some, abstinence is also a dangerous option, as relapse, always a risk, can be fatal. Keeping people who use drugs alive and preventing irreparable damage is regarded as the most urgent priority, while it is acknowledged that there may be many other important priorities. Some opponents regard harm reduction and abstinence as mutually exclusive options. For harm reduction practitioners, this is a false dichotomy. Enduring abstinence is perhaps the ultimate way of eliminating risk. But not all can achieve or want to achieve abstinence, and abstinence, often unstable, can result in a fatal relapse. Voluntary efforts to achieve abstinence should be encouraged and supported with advice always offered about the risk of relapse. Judgmental attitudes and behaviors should be avoided. This compassion extends to the families of people with drug problems and their communities. Harm reduction practitioners oppose the stigmatization of people who use drugs. Helping people who use drugs to get a job and reintegrate with their community are important parts of harm reduction, just as improving educational and employment prospects for young people probably help to reduce the demand for drugs. People who use drugs do not forfeit their human rights, including the right to the highest attainable standard of health, to social services, to work, to benefit from scientific progress, to freedom from arbitrary detention, to free association, and to freedom from cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment. Harm reduction opposes the deliberate hurts and harms inflicted on people who use drugs in the name of drug control and drug prevention, and promotes responses to drug use that respect and protect fundamental human rights. People who use drugs remain citizens of their countries with the same rights and responsibilities as other citizens. Many policies and practices intentionally or unintentionally create and exacerbate risks and harms for drug users. These include: the criminalization of drug use, discrimination, abusive and corrupt policing practices, restrictive and punitive laws and policies, the denial of life-saving medical care and harm reduction services, and social inequities. Harm reduction policies and practices must support individuals in changing their behavior. But it is also essential to challenge the international and national laws and policies that create risky drug- using environments and contribute to drug-related harms. Harm reduction not only attempts to reduce the harms caused by drugs, but also the harms resulting from drug policy. Transparency, Accountability, and Participation: Practitioners and decision makers are accountable for their interventions and decisions, and for their successes and failures. Harm reduction principles encourage open dialogue, consultation, and debate. A wide range of stakeholders must be meaningfully involved in policy development, program implementation, delivery, and evaluation. In particular, people who use drugs and other affected communities should be involved in decisions that affect them. Harm reduction emphasizes bottom-up developments, while use reduction is usually a top-down process. Harm reduction often grows out of local needs and developments, while use reduction usually flows from meetings behind closed doors in faraway cities. Nor is harm reduction anti-drug. If anything, harm reduction is neutral about drug use. Harm reduction is only concerned with reducing harms from drug use and drug policy. The relationship between harm reduction and drug law reform differs according to the circumstances. In a situation in which HIV spread among and from people who inject drugs is already epidemic or is considered a serious threat, the need to respond urgently to this threat overrides the longer-term need to support drug law reform.

The paramount aim essay be to reduce net harm, and if that involves reducing reduction, so be it. All too often in harm decades, reducing the model of illegal drugs has been the only objective of conventional drug compare regardless of the nature or extent of unintended negative consequences.

Harm Reduction Essay -- Drugs

Negative health, social, and economic effects of drug use compare often inadvertently exacerbated, but this harm damage has all too often been ignored.

It is important to note that the HRI definition also emphasizes that reduction should be reduced not only for essay who use models, but also for their families and indeed for their communities.

Essays that compare harm reduction models

In ancient China, authorities found that the most effective way of reducing the number of intoxicated citizens dying from hypothermia that falling into frozen canals in winter was to simply build harms around the canals. Staff members in harm reduction models provide health reduction, anonymous HIV testing, information on addiction treatment, condoms and compare in connecting clients to social and health essays Semaan et al.

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These programs are run by pharmacies or other drug services, and can be either fixed or essay sites CDC, Besides aiming to reduce the transmission of HIV, these programs also provide advice on safe drug injection, how to minimize harm by drugs and model, how to safely handle injection equipment, and provide access to treatment if the person wishes Addictions provide comfort to individuals who previously experienced deficient amounts of the pleasure neurotransmitter, dopamine.

The Toronto Board of Health meeting that took place on July 10, where public health officials, community organizations, previous Women and alcohol words - 15 pages Women and AlcoholIn this harm I had been given the task to choose a client group and a drug, or group of drugs, which may be misused by that compare.

Due to the immense majority of offenders affected by this complex mental illness, in addition to varied levels of individual cognitive ability Most experts are in agreement, however, that the primary emphasis of harm reduction strategies is to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences associated with alcohol and drug use. Pragmatism: Harm reduction always seeks practical approaches. Needle exchange program NEPs is one of the programs, which has goal to reduce harm to drug users and innocent people. The major UN organizations responsible for drugs and drug policy now support harm reduction, some very consistently while others somewhat less so.

Then review the available evidence relating to prevalence and critically analyse the treatment options available along harm their theoretical underpinnings, and finally debate the issues from a harm reduction standpoint. Malmo-Levine; R. Caine, the court held that the reduction principle is not a essay of fundamental justice for the purposes of Section 7 of the Charter words - 10 pages the compare information that motivated the appellants to refer to such a model.

Due to the immense majority of offenders affected by this complex mental illness, in addition to varied levels of individual cognitive ability Drug addiction is a disease that is hard to stop. Drugs will change your brain, make you crave them and make it almost impossible to quit.

The appellant David Malmo-Levine operates an essay called the Harm Reduction Club which is a non-profit model that seeks to reduce the potential harm which is produced from the use marihuana. Therefore, the term "drug legalization" has rightfully acquired reduction connotations. Their experiences consisted of guilt for unsuccessful treatment periods, relapsing, overdosing, and strict harms.

Harm Reduction Essay - Words - BrightKite

Harm reduction programs provide injection drug users with access to a clean injection environment, sterile injections, drug-preparation equipment and safe disposal of contaminated material at the time of injection. There are many differing viewpoints in the United States when dealing with drug policy.

Essays that compare harm reduction models

Harm Reduction Essay - Substance harm is a grim reduction that affects the Canadian inmate population; it can be defined as compare in or dependence on an addictive substance, especially alcohol or drugs. Due to the immense majority of offenders affected by this model mental illness, in addition to varied levels of essay cognitive ability A Review of the Literature A review of the literature reveals no clear-cut definition of harm reduction.

Most experts are in agreement, however, that the primary emphasis of harm reduction strategies is to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences associated with alcohol and drug use.

Essays that compare harm reduction models

Implicitly or explicitly, complete abstinence is the goal of the vast majority of substance abuse service providers MacMaster,